DRAWING THE DESIGN
Every carpet is drawn on graph paper. The color of each knot is painted onto the graph. The finished drawing is called a "nakhsheh" and is given to the weaver who places it onto the loom and can start weaving the carpet.
The material being used in a carpet determines the final result and how it grows old. For each carpet, we choose only the best materials in order to keep the high standard of quality our customers are used to.
Cotton is grown in Iran, and it is often used in the warp and the threads for the weft.
It is of great importance to know that Persian carpets have the best wool quality in the world! The sheep have a higher amount of wool fat, thereby giving a shinier and more glossy appearance to the carpet.
For tribal carpets, the spinning of the wool is still done by hand.
The best wool is known as Cork wool, which is only used in very fine and special carpets. It is gathered around the neck of the sheep.
Silk has been successfully cultivated in Iran more than 2000 years ago. The finest silk traditionally comes from an area around the Caspian Sea. This region produces a type named Rasht Silk, which is regarded as one of the best in the world!
When the yarn for a carpet is spun, the next phase is to color it. This is a complicated process which demands knowledge and accuracy to achieve good results. Persian carpets use mostly wool with natural dyes.
One thing for sure is that natural dyes are the best, this is because they give the yarn a highly natural and hard to exceed luster.
To obtain different colors, a number of natural dyes from plants and flowers are used.
WEAVING AND TOOLS
The weaving of a carpet is a time consuming process which, depending on the quality and the size of the carpet, may take anywhere from a few months to several years to complete.
When the carpet is completed, the warp ends form the fringes that may be braided or secured in some other manner.
When the weavers are manufacturing a carpet, they do have a wide range of tools, such as combs and knives for example, at their disposition.
Comb - usually made of wood and metal. It is used to pack together the knots and the weft in the rows after every row in the carpet has been tied.
The comb is beaten up and down along the warp in order to secure the knots.
Scissors - specially made in metal. It is used for cutting the pile on the carpet after one or more rows have been tied.
The knot density is the number of knots per square metre. It is obtained by counting the knots on the backside of the carpet. The knot density plays a key role in the value of a carpet. The greater the density, the more intricate the design can be and the longer it takes to weave a carpet.
POST TREATMENT OF THE CARPET
When the carpet is woven, there are four more steps we do before it is put up for sale. These four steps are not as time-consuming as the weaving. But nevertheless it takes three months and it is important in order to get a beautiful result. All these steps are done by our company.
Cutting - The pile is cut to the intended length.
When the carpet is woven, the wool has a different length and the carpet gives a fluffy and fuzzy impression. We cut the pile pile of the carpet in order to give it an even, nice surface and to get a clear pattern.
Washing - All our carpets are washed thoroughly in order to remove textile dust from the cutting, to remove loose colors and also for the colors to be fixed.
The mode of procedure for this step is to lay out the carpets next to each other on a plain surface and then rinse them with large amounts of cold water.
Drying - The last and finally stage is to let it sun-dry thoroughly. We lay the carpets out on great areas and are let them dry slowly in the sun.
The reason the carpets are laid out in the sun instead of being put in a heated room is that the colors are to be stabilized. Since natural colors have been used during the manufacturing, this best takes place in the sun.
Control & repairing - After the cutting, washing and drying, we inspect each carpet very carefully to see that no holes or other damages have occurred during the treatments. The fringes of the carpets are cut carefully. After the last inspection, your carpet is finally ready.
FAMOUS CARPET PROVENANCE
The city of Tabriz is located in north west of Iran. It is one of the oldest carpet weaving centers and makes a huge diversity types of carpets. Tabriz has been a large and worldwide famous carpet making city in Iran and in the world. The art of Tabriz carpet was in its zenith in the 12th-16th centuries. The classical or "golden" period of the 14th century are characterized by a harmonic merge of the arts of miniature paintings and weaving, by a high level of craftsmanship demonstrated by artists and carpet weavers.The carpet making art was passed on from generation to generation and was considered the most valued heirloom.
Located in southern Iran lies the city of Nain. In the city one can see the characteristic clay buildings and one of the oldest mosques in Iran which remains from the 10th century.
Carpets from this city have a high reputation and are very popular in the whole world. Material as well as the workmanship are of highest class.
The carpets have a short pile and the material composition is wool and silk.
The carpets made in the city of Ghom are weaved by the some of the most famous of Iran. Each carpets demands a perfectly and fine workmanship.
The city lies 150 kilometers south of the capital Teheran. It is the second most holy city in Iran and an important theological center with extensive education of priests. A magnificent mausoleum is found in this city. Each carpet is unique and bear the signature of the artist, that is woven into the carpet. The material used is 100% pure silk, which makes them thin and tight. The silk is also made by a traditional, ancient process. The quality is the finest with a knotting density of more than 900.000 knots per m2.
The Iranian city of Isfahan (also spelt Esfahan) has long been one of the centers for production of the famous Persian carpet. The city of Isfahan (Eşfahan) is now a world heritage site
Architecturally, the city is a masterwork and one of the finest in the world. The great Imam square with two mosques together with the palaces, the parks and the old bridges creates a mood that let the visitor feel that this really is the Orient.
Isfahan carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs. The designs are very symmetrical and balanced. They usually have a single medallion that is surrounded with vines, palmettos and floral motifs. Also a range of traditional designs are still used including all-over, Shah Abbas, vase, Tree of Life and pictorial schemes.
Isfahan carpets are always knotted on silk foundations, using exceptionally quality of wool (Cork) and silk. The technical perfection and artistic flair is of great importance.