DRAWING THE DESIGN
Every carpet is first drawn on graph paper. The color of each knot is painted onto the graph. The finished drawing is called a "nakhsheh" and is given to the weaver who places it onto the loom and starts weaving the carpet.
The material being used in a carpet determines the final result and how it grows old. For each carpet, we choose only the best materials in order to keep the high standard of quality our customers are used to.
Cotton is grown in Iran, and it is often used in the warp and the threads for the weft.
It is of great importance to know that Persian carpets have the best wool quality in the world! The Iranian sheep have a higher amount of wool fat, thereby giving a shinier and more glossy appearance to the carpet.
For tribal carpets, the spinning of the wool is still done by hand.
The best wool is known as Cork wool, which is only used in very fine and special carpets. It is gathered around the neck of the sheep.
Silk has been successfully cultivated in Iran more than 2000 years ago. The finest silk traditionally comes from an area around the Caspian Sea. This region produces a type named Rasht Silk, which is regarded as one of the best in the world!
When the yarn for a carpet is spun, the next phase is to color it. This is a complicated process which demands knowledge and accuracy to achieve good results. Persian carpets use mostly wool with natural dyes.
One thing for sure is that natural dyes are the best, because they give the yarn a highly natural and hard to exceed luster.
To obtain different colors, a number of natural dyes from plants and flowers are used.
The weaving of a carpet is a time consuming process which, depending on the quality, the pattern and the size of the carpet, may take anywhere from a few months to several years to complete. To produce a piece that is 2,5 meters wide, three or four weavers work side by side on a bench. They need to work in complete harmony and at an equal pace. It requires real teamwork! The more complex a design is, the more detailed the knot pattern becomes, and the longer it takes to realize the carpet.
The knot density is the number of knots per square metre. It is obtained by counting the knots on the backside of the carpet. The knot density plays a key role in the value of a carpet. The greater the density, the more intricate the design can be and the longer it takes to weave a carpet.
THE FINAL TOUCH
After a carpet has grown inch by inch over several months on the loom and the last knot has been tied, it must still go through a few last steps. These steps are not as time-consuming as the weaving, but they have a major influence on the final look of a piece and it will take around two more months before the carpet arrives in our shop.
Cutting - The pile is cut to the intended length.
When the carpet is woven, the wool has a different length and the carpet gives a fluffy and fuzzy impression. We cut the pile of the carpet in order to give it an even, nice surface and to get a clear pattern.
Washing - The wash will bring out the brilliance of the colors or give them a vintage appearance. It is therefore responsible for deciding whether a carpet looks brand new or centuries old.
Drying - The carpet will carefully be laid out in gardens or on the roofs of houses to dry slowly in the sun.