The design is based on the famous gardens of ancient Persian castles with their abundance of flora separated by pathways and ornamental ponds. Iran is situated in a dry arid region, where in many parts there is an endless expanse of desert or mountains.
There are no dominating or central motifs in this kind of carpets. The pattern is repeated all over the carpet. The design is often surrounded by a beautiful border. In a repeated pattern there are no beginnings and no end - this is a symbol for eternity.
Figural motifs often consists of human portraits, animals and places - they can also describe historical events together with picture, text and poems from different poets. They are best placed towards a wall or hanging so that they can be seen perfectly.
This layout is characterized by a large centrally placed medallion on the carpet. Carpets with medallions are without a doubt the most common. Experts think that medallions represent the moon. Sometimes smaller motifs with flowers occur at the top and at the bottom of the medallion, these are known as pendants
It is the convergence of a cypress tree and a flame. The Boteh is a Zoroastrian symbol of life and eternity. This design exists since the Sassanid Dynasty for 1800 years ago.